Planting, Picking, Processing: Sustainability in Every Step

Written by: Jamie Nyqvist

I have a confession. I used to be what you call an ego-centric consumer – always asked myself “what an item is worth” or “what can I get from it.”. Often times the answer was related to convenience and practicality. It never occurred to me to dig deeper and ask, “what is the value of the item to those who produce it.”

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With the adoption of the UN Sustainable Development Goals in 2015 came the rise of the ethical consumer: a consumer who considers not only the individual, but the social goals, ideals and ideologies of a company as well. With this new type of ethical and eco-minded consumer comes the idea of sustainable livelihoods that focus on allowing people to not only maintain and enhance activities required for a means of living, but also focus on extending this livelihood to future generations. Together, in a purely consumerist context these work hand-in-hand to create an entire chain of production that gives instead of takes.

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In the small village of Nadukuppam, Amirtha Herbals works with rural women and provides them with a livelihood by including them in every step of the production process of their medical herbal products. What this enterprise is wholesomely accomplishing is providing opportunity and community building at every step. Paravathy, founder and mentor of the enterprise, focuses on the impact that Amirtha Herbals has on the Pichandikulam forest in Auroville to keep it alive, and teaches women how to move from a labor-based work environment to that of an entrepreneurial work environment, as well as provides products to rural women at a subsidized price.

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This quote from one of the women who works at Amirtha Herbals says it all: “The extra income not only helps support my family, but we don’t have to rely as much on our husbands.”

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What can be learned from social enterprises such as these is that a product is far more than the product itself. It is only as good as its production, and what comes out of the Amirtha Herbals production is  an herbal medical product that can be purchased on a commercial level. But what is actually created is a sustainable livelihood for the women of Nadukuppam so that they can provide for themselves and their families.

Now I can proudly say that after witnessing first-hand how to run a truly sustainable enterprise, I can call myself an ethical and eco-minded consumer.

Photos by: Jamie Nyqvist

How Surfing Taught Me to Fall

“We are travelers on a cosmic journey, stardust, swirling and dancing in the eddies and whirlpools of infinity. Life is eternal. We have stopped for a moment to encounter each other, to meet, to love, to share. This is a precious moment. It is a little parenthesis in eternity.”The Alchemist, Paulo Cuelho

When we were asked to consider a “personal project” in Auroville, I knew long before – a year ago approximately – that surfing would be my mine. When setting intentions for 2018, I was thinking about my life as a sum of experiences and what Benjamin Franklin once wrote, “Time. That is the stuff life is made of.”

If we take that to be true, then how we are spending time is how we are spending our life.  When writing intentions for the past year, I considered things I longed to do but never made time for: school, work, my to-do list but occupied my time but did not always nourish my soul. This’ll be the year, I thought, this’ll be the year I finally take up surfing.

And so it happened, on Christmas Day, I started not quite surfing, but instead, wiping out with dismal disgrace (no pictures of actual belly flopping will be provided).

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As much I wanted to say Fuck this in between the mouthfuls of warm salty water, I couldn’t help but use the experience as an opportunity for deeper understanding and growth.

Why is it harder to let ourselves “fail” as adults, when for kids it’s child’s play?

My session with Vikram, an Aurovillian metaphysical trainer and councilor, came back to me in a flash of intuition.

-Envision success, envision failure. What are they really? 

-Illusions.

-Exactly, now let yourself fall. Get back up.

Flash forward to Serenity Beach: I fell off the board, I got back on the board. I fell off, I got back on.

On that beat, a few lines from the poem “Failing and Flying” by one of my favorite, lesser-known poets, Jack Gilbert, go a little somethin’ like this:

Everyone forgets that Icarus also flew.

It’s the same when love comes to an end,

or the marriage fails and people say

they knew it was a mistake, that everybody

said it would never work. That she was

old enough to know better. But anything

worth doing is worth doing badly.

The poet uses the myth “The Fall of Icarus” as a counter-parable for a ‘failed marriage. Imprisoned by King Minos, Icarus’s father makes him wings but warns him not to fly too close to the sun. Ecstatic with the ability to fly, he does not heed his father’s words; soaring higher, and higher, the wings catch fire, and Icarus falls to his death.

Gilbert asks us to consider that something is not a failure because it ends; Icarus did fly – SOAR – after all.

Just as planets are formed from exploding supernovas, just as the Phoenix rises from the ashes, there must be death for birth. Impermanence is an eternal paradoxical cycle. Something must end for something else to begin. And just because we fall, doesn’t mean it’s a failure. It’s an experience in the grander scheme of our lives. Are we present?
I won’t be booking my next vacation spot to Hawaii for a surf competition anytime soon, but a handful of lessons later, I felt the sweet spot of connecting with a wave and riding it to the shore. Perhaps just as important, I became totally okay with falling in the process.

I believe that surfing was symbolic of another underlying fear I had for my own NGO project: that I would fail. Somehow at least, by either not completing or by not pleasing.

With lack of internet, with time constraints, with lack of skill sets, would it be possible to succeed?

***

He grabbed my hand and led me around the gym.

Look at all this around you; this is the journey of your life. All this stuff, it’s just distractions. But the journey – are you experiencing it? Success. Can you feel success? Can you touch it? Can you take it with you when you die?

***

She took nothing with her when she died. In those final moments before my mom passed away, I looked around the room; only the people there could be quantified, and only the love could be qualified.

***

By conversing and exchanging with my NGO Upcycling guru, Marc, he taught me not to focus so much on the end product, but to be present in the process; because really, life is not about the destination but the journey. If we don’t stop, look around, and smell the roses every now and then, it’ll pass us by.

His mantra, after all, was “move from doing it all yourself to doing it all together.”

Diptee, on the last day, talks about Atman and Brahmin in Indic philosophy and universal consciousness. How the soul, Atman, is a drop of water and liberation is its merging into the vast ocean which represents the Supreme Soul, Brahmin. The soul and God are equal in every respect, and liberation or moksha entails realization of one’s connection to the source. Thus, one’s mistaken sense of individuality is dissolved, and one merges into the all-pervading Supreme.

What does one-ness feel like? I wondered.

It felt like when I finally hit that sweet spot and became one with the wave, nature and the literal and metaphorical flow of the source.

It felt like the ebb and flow of the music reverberating through my body and those around me at the Solitude Farm Festival; and how Krishna said celebrations are us celebrating each other’s existence, in that time and space, together.

It felt like when I held the camera to my face at Upcycling and I got lost in the flow of the creative process.

On that note, I sign off with a quote by Ram Dass :

“Nobody is going anywhere. Nobody is coming from anywhere. We’re all here. We’re all here. In eternal time and space. We’re always going to be here. We’re just doing nataraja, the divine dance. We’re dancing. And dancing. And dancing. Dance after dance, in one body, in another body. And we’re all here. We’re all staying right here.”

By Marissia Tiller

 

 

 

 

 

No Such Thing as 100% Sustainable Textiles?

On January 9th, I embarked on a textile tour as a part of the work I conducted for The Caring Cotton. The trip was a 5 hour drive inland from Auroville to Erode, a textile producing town in Tamil Nadu region. Ruby, founder of The Caring Cotton, informed me that Tamil Nadu is actually one of the largest textile producing regions in the world, producing yarn and fabrics for many large, well-known designers.

The purpose of the trip was to develop a deeper understanding of the processes used by The Caring Cotton’s suppliers and to identify if and how the suppliers acted sustainably. This would help me to create a more accurate communication plan and develop key messages to share with the organization’s target audiences. I sought to understand how The Caring Cotton maintained sustainable practices in every aspect of its complex supply chain and I found interest in observing the artisans behind the textile production and design in the region.

I witnessed the following processes on our two-day trip: natural dyeing, power loom weaving, “sustainable” dyeing, screen printing, tye dyeing, batik printing, and fabric sourcing. In this blog I will share photos and mechanisms of each process, and reflect on the sustainable elements and their impacts.

 

The Processes:

Natural Dye

This dyeing process derives color from natural resources such leaves, fruit, flowers, branches, bark, and minerals. Resultantly, there is non-toxic dye waste produced which can be dumped back into an ocean or field without having any harmful impact on the environment.

Color is extracted from each organic material differently, then the color is turned to a dye powder (as seen below). The dye powder is then mixed with water and a salt solution that promotes the diffusion of the natural dye into various fibers (silk, modal, wool, or cotton). A heating method is used to turn the liquid dye mixture into steam which will come into contact with a yarn or fabric resulting in an evenly dyed product. Every element; from the creation of the dye powder to the dyeing process used natural resources and minimal water, showing the sustainability in its practice.

I appreciated that this natural dye method used a combination of nature and technology to achieve sustainability. For example, the development of an apparatus to produce steam rather than use copious amount of water (for conservation purposes) is genius!

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Naturally Dyed wool yarn, the yellow color is derived from the pictured flower. 

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Raw, un-dyed, silk yarn which can be dyed or woven into silk fabric then dyed. 

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Cotton yarn being washed and prepared for the dyeing process

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Natural dye powder which will produce a pink color on yarn or fabric 

 

Power Loom Weaving

Weaving is the process of developing fabric from yarn. A power loom uses the combination of the automated weaving process with the hand weaving process. For example, if a pattern were to be produced, the strands of yarn would need to be placed by hand in the machine, then woven automatically.

I witnessed cotton yarn (not specified to be organic) being woven into fabric. The process took place in a poorly lit room and the machines were very loud. (The artisans did not wear protection for their ears or hands, which was surprising to me.) The use of the power loom is not necessarily environmentally sustainable. However, it sustains the culture of Indian artisanship by incorporating the hand weaving process.

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Raw cotton yarn prior to weaving

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Pattern checking by hand in a power loom

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Cotton yarn in a power loom

Sustainable Dye

This dye process was described as sustainable because it requires less water, however, a toxic and illegal waste called “sludge” is still produced by this method. The suppliers accumulate massive amounts of sludge and have no way to dispose of it.

While I did not witness the actual dye process, the ready for dyeing (RFD) process, and a pigment extraction process were visible. RFD strips fabric down to its raw fiber, allowing  dye to penetrate the fibers and printing future bleeding of dye.

I wondered if it was plausible to consider this method sustainable; how much water is actually conserved in the process? Does the accumulation of harmful pigment sludge counter the positive effects of that water conservation?

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Ready for Dyeing (RFD) process- a chemical solution which fabric is soaked in that prevents future dye from bleeding.

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Pigment being removed from waste chemical dye water and turning into dry, toxic sludge (far right cubicle)

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Bags of accumulated sludge 

Screen Printing

This method of surface design can be done with chemical and natural dyes. The supplier that we visited does the entire process by hand. You simply choose your design template, choose your ink/dye color, choose your fabric and fabric color, and the printing process occurs. One layer of the process only takes about 10 minutes to complete, but more colors can be added for a more complex process.

This printing method sustains artisanship because it is a method conducted by hand. Also, the method is conducive to the use of natural inks/dyes which have zero harmful impact on the environment. Conducting the work by hand as opposed to using large machinery reduces the effects of industrialization such as fossil fuel emission.

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Spreading of ink onto cotton fabric to produce our pattern of choice.

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Finished one-layer print product.

 

Tie & Dye

 A method of scrunching fabric together and strategically spraying dye (chemical or natural) onto it in order to produce a tie-dye surface design. This was done by two Indian women and one Indian man in the backyard of a facility. The beautiful products were then hung to dry in the yard before a protective coat was added. A glove is worn to protect the hand from chemical dye, but as you can see in the photos below, the dye still gets on the opposite hand and is also inhaled by the artisan.

If a natural dye were used, there would be less harmful on the impact and the artisan. However, the use of natural dyes has not yet been adopted by the tie-dye supplier. This experience broadened my perspective on the effects of harmful chemical dyes. These dyes have a negative impact on the artisan, the supplier, the client, the environment, and the consumer. This realization inspired me to develop communication strategies that Ruby could use to encourage her suppliers to adopt natural dye methods more quickly.

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Spraying of chemical dye onto scrunched fabric

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Hanging tie-dye fabric 

Batik Printing

Batik is a traditional Indian printing method which uses a block of wood with nails pounded into it to create a desired pattern. The nails are then waxed so that dye does not stick. The nails are repeatedly dipped into ink to create ornate patterns on fabrics. The use of batik printing by designers is one method of sustaining the culture of India through its artisans.

Use of batik printing by designers allows for lower minimum order quantities. The less designers are required to order, the less waste their production will accumulate. Therefore, crafts such as batik preserve artisanship and reduce waste.

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Fabric Sourcing

An Aurovillian sustainable fashion designer accompanied us on our journey. We visited fabric houses that serve both large and small brands, but who had not yet been introduced to the natural dye concept. This gave Ruby the opportunity to pitch her newly pioneered, natural dye concept to the owners of the fabric houses.

The manufacturers shared some of the worries that their big clients would have with natural dye: color inaccuracy and variation, color fading, dye smell, and overall pigmentation. Designers are more concerned with achieving exact colors for their collections, and unfortunately sustainability must take a back seat in order to achieve this.

As a designer myself, this presents an ethical dilemma and raises the question of how “for-profit” brands should make decisions regarding sustainability.

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Discussing natural dye with the textile house owner

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Organic brushed cotton, made of chemically dyed yarn, woven into plaid patterns

 

By the end of our journey, I was able to grasp elements of The Caring Cotton’s mission to create a sustainable textile platform that reduces the pollution caused by the fashion industry in terms of toxic chemical waste, lack of water conservation, and industrialization and globalization. However, it is not possible for textile companies to be 100% sustainable unless their suppliers and clients are educated in sustainable textile practices.

Therefore, a focus of my communication strategy became education of suppliers and clients on the benefits of sustainable methods such as the use of natural dyes vs. chemical dyes. I realize the difficulty in focusing on sustainability in the demanding fashion world and consumer society of today. However, if The Caring Cotton can successfully create an educational sustainable platform, other textile sourcing companies and designers will follow. The Caring Cotton is only the first step in a multitude of steps that must be taken toward a less pollutant future in fashion.

 

By: Shannon K. Henry

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comparing The Doctor-Patient Relationship Between Cultures

Cam Bartlett

As we rounded the dirt corner, the motorbike gave way beneath us as we slid on the gravel, which burned our backs, feet and hands. I thought I was okay until someone held up my shoe, which was dripping with blood.

After the Auroboys helped to stop the bleeding, I found myself thankful it was over. But it wasn’t quite. For the next two weeks or so of the practicum, I found myself becoming very familiar with the local doctors and nurses. It seemed that everybody had helped patch me back up, from the local vet, our taxi driver, the Auroville Santé nurses, and, last but not least, the Health Center. It was at this health center that I got an unexpected brush with a part of the Tamil medical system. 

Halfway through my visit, I was led into a different room and, without my consent or knowledge they began to treat me. Without anesthetic and without me knowing beforehand, they began to extract the dead flesh from inside my foot and peeling off the  healing that had already begun. This was, needless to say, incredibly painful and highly shocking. I later limped out of the procedure room in much pain, hands shaking by my sides.

What this experience did lead me to understand, with the help of Sacha Elder, our Aurovillian friend and guide, was a fundamental difference in the understanding of the doctor-patient relationship in India versus the United States.

In the U.S., patient autonomy tends to be prioritized over all else. The doctor helps the patient to make decisions based on a plurality of potentially effective treatments and their potential benefits and downsides. This is consistent with the highly individualistic nature of U.S. culture. Individual freedom is valued above all.

In India, a more collectivistic culture, individual freedom isn’t placed on a pedestal. Often times, individuals will withhold their opinions in favor of group harmony. This effect of a collectivistic culture is apparent in their doctor-patient relationships. Sacha explained that it is very uncommon for patients to ask questions to their doctors. The doctors are treated as a near-absolute authority. After all, it is they who have so many years of medical experience, so they should have the knowledge to make the necessary decisions for their patients’ health. The doctors expect to make the choices for the wellbeing of the patient.

Indians’ relationships to figures of authority have been found to be different from similar relationships in the U.S.. However there may be some psychological mechanisms that help to explain this difference. A study performed by Savani, Morris & Naidu (2011) found that, in the presence of authority figures’ expectations, Indians are significantly more likely than Americans to defer to these expectations, whether this is clothing or education choices. Furthermore, those who made choices against the perceived expectations of authority felt higher levels of guilt.

The question of which of these systems is correct is, frankly, irrelevant. They both work within the context of their respective cultures. However, if you are from one culture and get injured in another, make sure you know how that system operates or you could be in for an unwelcome surprise.

New Year, New You

In a fitting way to bring 2018 to a close and welcome in the new year, we spent New Year’s Eve with Vikram at his gym in Auroville. Vikram is an former Indian national team cricket player who left the world of professional athletics in search of a more personal form of movement. We were told to dress in athletic attire to experience his “workout,” but we found what Vikram had prepared for us was a different type of exercise. 

This was the first year Vikram was included as an organization for the practicum. His gym is not necessarily engaged with sustainable development in the way other NGOs from the practicum are. But Vikram essentially aspires to apply the philosophy of sustainable development to the development of our own selves. When we look at the traditions of modernity that sustainable development challenges — disrespect for the health of the environment and our bodies, focus on money and material goods, quantity over quality of production — the same approach can be applied to our own lives. Vikram’s approach to sport focuses on the power of movement rather than the aesthetics of exercise. There’s no mirrors, no blasting music, no entrance fees. Vikram designs his personal training sessions based off the intention of a client, whether it be a physical, emotional, spiritual, or mental goal (though I and Vikram would probably argue all of our goals are inspired by all four). 

We were introduced to Vikram’s philosophy right away, though without realizing it at first. He asked us to quietly enter the gym, find a space on a mat, and lie down. We then laid still, without opening our eyes, and listened to our breath. He guided us through a 10-or-so minute mindfulness practice, finally asking us to rise and stretch. He then offered the invitation to explore what inspired us in the gym and said goodbye. 

Many of us felt confused. That was it? Why are we wearing shorts and sneakers just to lie down? Did any of us even break a sweat (besides from the heat)? You could see Vikram smiling in response to our furrowed brows. That was exactly the point: We were expecting one experience and the fact we were so shocked by what we received lends evidence to Vikram’s whole philosophy. To us, we had one static idea of a workout. To Vikram, we just needed a little wiggle room to see what else we could explore. I felt a strong connection to this philosophy because I myself have followed a philosophy of sport that is based on the joy of movement rather than goals or achievements. But I found myself intrigued by Vikram’s inclusion of the personal intention. Many students who visited Vikram for a session brought intentions that weren’t physical in a traditional sense — some people wanted to relax, be more present and less fearful of the future, to let go of pain and to develop a stronger sense of self. Vikram designs movement to allow the body to explore itself and let the mind stretch as well. It was a refreshing experience that, like most things in Auroville, brought some much-needed fresh air.

By Madelaine VanDerHeyden

Humans of Auroville

Auroville is unlike anywhere that I have visited before. It is quite hard to describe what it is like here. I thought it would be fun to interview two people, one of which I had the honor of working with for 2 weeks and the other a complete stranger. I got the idea from one of my favorite blogs known as “Humans of New York”. It is a blog in which through its people, tells the story of a place and what makes it so unique.

Meet Shrimayee- Delhi, India

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“I came to Auroville the first time in 2016 to meet a friend who was working on a solar energy project here. I had no idea that a place like this existed in India, but the moment I came here, I instantly knew that I wanted to come back. Coming from a development sector background, I was always intrigued by the work that was being done in Auroville these past 50 years, especially in community and sustainable development. Also, I was fascinated by the attempt to follow a utopian and egalitarian approach that is followed by people from over 55 countries of the world. Another motivation for me was that I wanted to take a sabbatical form my work to figure out what my next steps are. That is what brought me to Auroville. In January 2018, I applied for an opportunity in Auroville and was here within 6 months. The last four months of staying and working in Auroville have changed me in more ways than I had anticipated before I embarked on this journey. I have grown a lot in terms of skills and knowledge and have become a lot more conscious of myself and of the environment surrounding me. The cosmopolitan culture brought in by people coming from all over the world has given me the opportunity to understand different perspectives. I feel as though I have grown to be healthier, both physically and mentally. I practice yoga and eat right now. Obviously the clean air and plethora of trees have contributed to. Remind you, I come from Delhi… The alternative lifestyle followed here has given me a fresh perspective on life and I’ve started to actually prioritize things that actually matter to me the most. I am able to think more clearly on what I want to pursue further in life”.

Meet Nishant- Delhi, India

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“I came to Auroville because I was looking for new opportunities and wanted to work on myself. I have always been a part of theatre. In Delhi, there is a hierarchy in the theatre that I was fed up with. I wanted to be able to try new things, whether I was a senior in the theatre or not. Auroville Theatre Group gave me the opportunities I always wanted: to learn and to explore. My director gave so much to me. She gave me her time. She allowed me as much time as I needed to prepare a character, whether that be one month or two months…in Delhi it is not like that. You usually only get one week or two weeks to prepare a character. To me, that is not acting. Here, I had the opportunity to dig into characters. Being here boosted my confidence. I decided to apply for drama school and was accepted. I leave on Tuesday (January 8th) to go to the Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts in London. I came to Auroville very clear-minded. I knew why I wanted to be here. I came here to work on myself as an actor. To explore the possibility with the time I was given. With the months I had to prepare characters, I grew so much. Being on stage and  being somebody else is just a sheer pleasure. Being here has been life changing for me.”

Written by: Caroline Dougherty, Photos by: Caroline Dougherty

Ageless Auroville: the Source of Never-Ending Youth

Auroville is many things.

It is an experiment. It is a civil society. It is a tight-knit community. Auroville is also a place where people mix together, no matter how old they are.

I have heard the sayings “age is just a number” or “age is not a thing” too many times to count in Auroville. No one ever asked me how old I am. It is truly when I went to visit the Granite Mines, 45 minutes away from Auroville, that I realized how accurate it is.

Picture 15 bikes going fast on dangerous roads. Picture a bunch of 17-year-olds being friends with 30-year-olds, all harmoniously laughing at the same things, being open-minded and respectful. Picture all these people being together, talking together, understanding each-other. People jumping in the water, laughing, having coffee, partying together, talking about the same things, having fun together and understanding each-other. That is not Auroville, it is the spirit of it. It is the way Aurovillians are raised, taught to look at the world and at other people. For a foreigner, for a group of foreigners like we were, it is a concept that is hard to understand. Auroville pays no heed to social diktats about a lot of modern concepts such as money, state justice and… age. Auroville disregards outside social obligations and created its very own social norms. Progress and social evolution are not only depending of technological progress but also on personal fulfillment and improvement. This is, however, not a naïve way to look at Auroville. Auroville is not a utopian community. Character and maturity prevail over notions of age and seniority, it goes beyond social and work obligations. Aurovillians choose to spend time with people that are from different generations.

Some people might even think “I don’t want to hang-out with a bunch of 16-year-olds”. But what if maturity, knowledge and experience had nothing to do with how old you are, with how old you see yourself and consider yourself next to teenagers or millennials? Being with these people from different backgrounds, cultures, education processes made me realize a lot. It is not about how old you are when you experience or learn something, it about who you are and what you are ready to learn or be taught. They all benefit from each-other. They all listen to each-other. They all respect each-other. They see friendship and human relationships as bilateral, managing to learn from everyone, anyone that wants to speak up, being opened to anyone that wants to listen. Auroville is many things. It is an enlightening community. It is a respectful society. It is a learning experience that changes the way you see the world and human interaction forever.img_2966

Solitude Farm: A “Nutritious Revolution”

Solitude Farm is a farm which was founded by Krishna McKenzie in January of 1996. He was inspired to start his farm because of a Japanese farmer/Zen master, known as Masanobu Fukuoka, who wrote a book entitled “The One Straw Revolution”. The basic idea of the book is that nature is already perfect, you can’t improve upon nature, but as a whole, we just seem to continue to destroy it. Krishna questions how we can reconnect with nature and bring value into our daily life—what is the simplest thing we can do? The most basic thing we do every day is eating, but the problem is, the majority of the time we have no idea where the ingredients used to make our food comes from. Who grew it, where was it grown, how is it stored, how is it transported? These are all questions that we fail to ask ourselves when we go to buy food and then consume it. We have no relationship with this basic thing that we do on a daily basis. The truth of the matter is that we are privileged, and we are in a bubble that has lost the value of the importance of connecting with nature. Industrialization of our most basic need is what is killing our planet. So, what do we do? Krishna suggests that the most basic thing that we could start to consider is to discover local foods and which foods in particular are growing locally. It’s up to us to start eating foods that do not have a high carbon footprint, that will not have a negative impact on our planet. That is where Solitude Farm comes in. It is a farm in Auroville that is entirely dedicated to rediscovering and reconnecting the relationship to where our food comes from in a practical way. This all starts from the exploration of local foods. For Krishna, he struggles to understand why us as a society overlook local foods. It is something so obvious and practical, yet we are too lazy to realize how impactful local foods can be for our planet and for our economy. Local foods grow easily and in abundance. They are growing all over and so at the end of the day, they are NOT EXCLUSIVE. Everyone has access to these local foods. It makes me think of a term used quite often in economics: public goods. Goods that are 1) non-rivalrous and 2) non-excludable. These local foods are just that, but we as a society struggle to realize that and we struggle to take the time to consider that. If we would take the time, we would recognize that local foods actually have a higher nutritious value than the more industrialized products. These industrialized products have an extreme ecological cost to be able to produce them and then transport them.

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Solitude farm has more than 140 plants that are used throughout the year. Krishna took us for a walk around his farm where we were introduced to several different plants. Before his explanation of plants, he discussed soil. How it is built up simply because organic matter falls. Solitude strives to recognize how everything around them, all the organic matter in the farm, is a bioresource. Bioresources are the “nutritious prophet” as Krishna explained to us, as the nutrition in the soil is directly related to our wellbeing. There are millions of microorganisms that are alive, and this healthy soil is the basis of our existence. Krishna explained that to him “it is an act of love to eat these (140) plants, it’s almost like a spiritual path”. Mother Nature is able to offer us so much, but we neglect to receive what she has offered. Obviously not all of these 140 plants will be found in Paris, America or any other part of the world, but there are plenty of plants that we have access to. It is up to us to find which plants we do have and how we can implement them into our daily life. In his discussion about the plants, we all realized quite quickly how many positive effects these plants will have on our wellbeing.  One of the plants is good for cognitive abilities, pregnancy and asthma. It is high in vitamin C. This particular plant is used by Solitude Farm in their green smoothies, green ice cream, pesto sauce, kimchi, and many other things. The whole idea that Krishna stressed was creativity. There is a wide array of possibilities for these plants to be used, it’s up to us to experiment and figure out what we like. The problem is that with such a plant like this, there are less than 2% of the bioregion who actually are eating it, as most have forgotten what grows around them due to industrialization and money. If we just put our best effort out there to make a difference to change our habits, there could be a revolution in our society, what Krishna explains is a “nutritious revolution”. This revolution would be touching on so many of the sustainable development goals, as it would affect matters socially, economically, ecologically and culturally. It starts with such a simple thing as this.

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Other than just growing food locally and providing, Krishna believes that it is important to also celebrate and have festivals. Coming together is really our humanity and celebrating each other’s existence is something very special. For him, it will bring society together. Culture is something that can bring our society together and will help us get us back to our roots, back to nature. Every year, Solitude Farm hosts a festival that goes from dusk to dawn with 14 different food stalls. These food stalls are very important to Krishna, as these people working them are striving to bring awareness to locals about farm to table food and the importance of shifting one’s lifestyle back to nature. Personally, I am someone who does not spend time thinking about how I can make smarter choices with food and how my food choices can really have an impact on society. Hearing Krishna speak changed a lot for me. He is right. It is really just the fact that we as a society do not place importance on something that is so practical and really easy to do. His efforts to bring awareness to people about this issue really inspired me to want to make different choices in my life. It is definitely time for a “nutritious revolution”.

Written by: Caroline Dougherty, Photos by: Caroline Dougherty

Creating Independence Through Solarization

AUP students met with Auroville Consulting to learn about the Solar Village, a project dedicated to eradicating electricity inequalities in rural India.

By: Nicole Curren 

Solar Village Initiative – Solarize 100 Villages by 2030

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As dusk falls upon the villages of Tamil Nadu bright red clouds of dust fill the air, marking the return of children from school and husbands from work. Mothers and wives prepare dinner while daughters fulfill their daily chores and start homework.

Without warning, the power suddenly shuts off throughout the community. Street lights darken, and simple tasks become near impossible, not to mention dangerous. Cast in shadows, villagers adapt to these regular outages which can last anywhere from 4-6 hours on any given day. During festivals and holidays, energy consumption skyrockets and villages are forced to go days without power.

Yet, in nearby Pondicherry the energy required to maintain the hustle and bustle of city life endures without interruption. This is not by chance, nor is it based on a computer run schedule or automated response. Systems operators of Tamil Nadu’s government-run electric companies manually shut down power to villages and divert electricity to major cities.

Maintaining this hierarchical scheme is strategic. Due to water scarcity coal-fired power plants, which account for 70% of India’s power generation, regularly shut down. Because ownership remains concentrated, current Indian law allows for the prioritization of cities over villages.

This clear-cut inequality is the driving force behind the Solar Village’s goal to solarize 100 villages by 2030. Working alongside the government and its electric companies, the organization intends to provide independence through the implementation of sustainable technologies. The Solar Village is also ensuring that 10% of the revenue from the sale of solar energy is to be returned to the villages and used for development.

AUP students got the chance to speak with Jaswanth, a representative from Solar Village, to learn more about the project. By providing this type of independence to villages, Jaswanth assured us that if residents are able to produce more energy than they consume they can actually redo their paperwork to reflect city status. In other words, during limited power supplies they will not be subjected to power cuts. Empowering villages to produce their own electricity is the first step in reducing this disparity.

Throughout the discussion students dug deeper into the logic behind solar, learning that Tamil Nadu’s infrastructure is much more easily adaptable to harvesting energy through solar panels, rather than wind turbines. Not to mention, in terms of sustainability, panels typically last 25 years whereas the lifespan of turbines ranges between 5-7 years. Amidst climate change and the pressures of rapid urbanization, Jaswanth outlined the instability of the current power distribution for the future of India. Indian electric companies simply cannot create enough for everyone, making a shift toward more sustainable energy sources absolutely critical.

Despite roadblocks in the initial planning phases, Jaswanth remains confident panels will be installed over the next three months in the first village, Irumbai.

Making the World a Better, Greener Place

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Founded in 2010, Auroville Consulting follows a multi-faceted approach to sustainable development, focusing on collaborations within the public and private sector both nationally and abroad. From research and innovation techniques to operational planning and policy work, the organization provides a multitude of resources both to producers and consumers. This is accomplished through workshops, capacity building and training, and the maintenance of partnerships with major organizations like Pricewaterhouse Coopers (PwC).

Get Involved

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The next time you need to search for something on the web simply go to www.thesolarvillage.org. It works through the support of Bing, just like other major engines online. Search ads then generate income that return directly to the Solar Village to support their efforts in the purchase and installation of panels. With the click of a button you can help provide a renewable source of energy to rural communities across India. You can also support their initiative by going online and making a donation.

 

Offsetting our Carbon Footprint With Sristi Village

Today we calculated how many trees we would have to plant in order to offset the carbon footprint of our travels to India.

CALCULATION INCLUDED: **actual calculations are a little more complex than this.**

✈️ Round-trip air travel (Paris to India) + Total estimated auto travel (1 month in India).😅Turns out i have to plant 4.13 trees to offset 16,032 km (air)+ 1,250 km (auto)

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To makes things even better we had the privilege to work with this beautiful farm (The Sristi Foundation, or Sristi VillageSristi Village (Joachim)) which was founded by G. Karthikeyan. He conceptualized and built this beautiful community on the passion to include and empower people with intellectual and development disabilities from the local villages by offering shelter, general education, farm training/certification, a role in society and most of all love and support. The man who created this Non-Profit Organization saw first hand the life these types of people had to look forward to. In the villages, people with any kind of disability are often hidden away as their families are ashamed. Most believe these disabilities are a punishment from something evil/wrong the person, or the parents, may have done in a past life. While living in an orphanage as a child he witnessed children with disabilities being drugged in order for people to be able to easily manage them. Their life was a cycle of eating, sleeping, taking medication, sleeping & repeat. He knew they deserved more and wanted to create an environment that supported this idea. 🙏🏽 Today this idea has evolved into an entire village with an inclusive society whose focus is to be self-sustaining and Eco-friendly.

image1.pngThe people living there were so happy, knowledgeable and extremely passionate with their work on the farm, from the type of soil to creating efficient unconventional planting strategies, THEY KNEW IT ALL! 👨🏽‍🌾👨🏽‍🏫 They taught us how to plant our trees and they will be the ones to care for them from this point forward…I can’t even put into words how incredible this experience was🙏🏽

IMG_2863.jpgActual footage of a thugg planting a tree. 🌳 🍃🌾🌵👩🏽‍🌾#Offset #CarbonFootPrint #CounterAct #Travel #Plant #Trees #Build #Clean #Energy

DID YOU KNOW: Travel is one of the biggest sources of personal emissions that can be offset. Transportation comprises nearly 30% of all U.S. greenhouse gas emissions, and this number is only increasing. With carbon offsets, like planting trees, you can counteract your personal carbon footprint by helping build clean energy and carbon-reducing projects. These types of acts also contribute to sustainable development in the project region. This means that it is not only the climate that benefits; the local population does as well.

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THE MORE YOU KNOW 💫

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